Learn How to Open a Roth IRA

Opening a Roth IRA is an excellent strategy to boost your retirement savings. Here’s how to get going.


A Roth IRA is a great gift for anyone looking to save for retirement: You pay taxes on your contributions upfront, let the investment compound, and then take tax-free withdrawals in retirement.

Here’s a step-by-step approach to setting up a Roth IRA:

First, determine whether you are eligible.

Determine the type of investor you are.


Select a provider and set up your Roth IRA.

Choose your assets carefully.

Determine whether you are eligible.

There are income limits for Roth IRAs, which might reduce or eliminate your ability to contribute to a Roth. The 2021 contribution limit is $6,000 ($7,000 if 50 or older) for modified adjusted gross incomes less than $140,000 (single filers) or $208,000 (married filing jointly) (married filing jointly). If your income exceeds such limits, you can use the backdoor Roth IRA technique to form a Roth by transferring funds from a regular IRA.

Determine the type of investor you are. Awesome. Consider your investment preferences now.

Choose a brokerage if you are a “do-it-yourself” investor. You can open a Roth IRA through an internet broker and then invest as you see fit. This may be easier than you think – you may create a diverse portfolio with only three or four mutual funds. Examine trade commissions and investment costs while comparing brokers (also called expense ratios).

Choose a Robo-advisor if you are a “manage it for me” investor. If you’d rather have someone else choose your investment portfolio, you can open your Roth IRA with a Robo-advisor. Robo-advisors are online services that help you construct and manage a diverse portfolio. You pay a small fee for the service, although their fees are typically much lower than those of a human, financial counselor.

Select a provider and set up your Roth IRA.

The next step in learning how to start a Roth IRA is to locate a location for your account.

As a ‘do-it-yourself’ investor, locating the finest Roth IRA brokers might be difficult.

Opening a Roth IRA through an internet broker makes a lot of sense for consumers who wish to pick their investments. The finest brokers offer a wide range of low-cost products, including index mutual funds and exchange-traded funds. The best brokers provide comprehensive retirement planning tools, excellent customer service, and low account minimums and fees. Furthermore, you have complete choice over how your retirement assets are invested.

As a manager it for me’ investor, locating the finest Roth IRA Robo-advisors might be difficult.

A Robo-advisor is an obvious solution for folks who want to invest for retirement but don’t want to bother about monitoring their portfolio over time. Generally, Robo-advisors hire investing professionals in creating a few portfolios tailored towards various types of investors. For example, some robots provide portfolios that range in risk, including “aggressive” portfolios for customers who desire a large percentage of their portfolio in equities and “conservative” portfolios for people who prefer a less volatile investing account.

All you have to do as an investor is open a Roth IRA, link your bank account, and follow the provider’s steps to develop your portfolio. The robot-advisor then buys the investments on your behalf and administers the account over time. Many robots also provide services that might help you maximize your savings, including goal-setting tools to help you get your finances in order and tax-cutting tactics. (Robo-advisors are often registered financial advisors with a framework similar to human investment advisors.)

Choose your assets carefully.

The final step in learning how to start a Roth IRA is deciding where to invest the account’s funds.

A Roth IRA is a type of account, not a type of investment. Contributing is only the first step. If you want to accumulate riches over time, you must invest your money.