Cyberattacks constantly threaten businesses of all sizes. While headlines about major firms suffering from data breaches are more common, small businesses can be easy targets for hackers.
What happens following a cyberattack?
Companies who have been the victims of cyberattacks must ensure they understand how to respond appropriately. It is critical to take immediate action to assist reduce the harm, which includes the following steps:
Containment and evaluation of the breach
Determining which servers were infected in the cyberattack aids in containing it as soon as feasible. It is crucial to prevent other systems and devices from becoming infected or compromised. It also aids in the preservation of critical evidence for determining what happened and who was responsible.
Stop the compromise by disconnecting from the internet, stopping remote access, and keeping firewall settings in place. Install any pending security patches or upgrades as soon as possible.
Passwords should also be reset globally, and all employees should generate new, secure passwords for each account. Once the breach has been limited, it is critical to determine the root cause to prevent a similar attack in the future.
Determine who had access to the affected servers at the time of the occurrence and what network connections were active. Examining security data logs from antivirus software or email and firewall providers may aid in determining where the incident originated. It is also critical to determine who was impacted by the incident and to educate personnel on the company’s security policies. These precautions are critical to avoid becoming a victim of another data breach.
Use the data breach response plan and notify the insurance company. A data breach response plan assists firms in responding correctly to a cyberattack by giving clear, written protocols to follow.
It should set a baseline using existing security policies as a basis for the plan. The policy typically includes information on how to protect confidential data, directions for the safe use of personal and work devices, how to recognize dangerous email scams or viruses, and other elements.
All of these elements are critical in preventing a data breach in the first place. Second, the strategy should include information on what constitutes a data breach that necessitates a response, a designated response team, and the various message and communication techniques used.
The carrier should be informed as quickly as possible if the company has cyber insurance to begin the claims procedure. The claims professionals can connect insureds with vetted providers who have previously handled privacy breach cases. Contacting the carrier as soon as possible, can ensure that costs are examined for approval by the page, preventing concerns with misinterpretation of what the cyber policy covers.